This construction included a direct connection between downtown Madrid (Nuevos Ministerios) and the airport, a further extension of Line 8, and adding service to the outskirts with a huge 40 km loop called MetroSur serving Madrid's southern suburbs. This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 05:32. Inclut le lien vers la version imprimable gratuite de … The interior distribution is rather like that of series 7000, with a bigger clear area (i.e. The first iteration featured a wood lookalike coating for the inner walls and a novel seat distribution in two-seat rows perpendicular to the train walls, making them look not unlike older regional trains. Today, the Metro network is divided in six regions:[35]. Cette ligne de Métro démarre à Puerta Del Sur (Alcorcón) et finit à Puerta Del Sur (Alcorcón). La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 17 novembre 2020 à 03:24. Téléchargez le Plan du métro de Madrid et découvrez l’un des réseaux de … without seating) in the first car for people carrying luggage to/from the airport and disabled people in wheelchairs. La Línea 11 de Metro se convertirá en la gran Línea Diagonal de Madrid . Plan du métro de Madrid 2016 schématique. Lignes 1 et 5: les trains ne marquent pas l'arrêt à la station de Gran Vía, fermée pour cause de travaux de rénovation. In the 2003–2007 term, President Esperanza Aguirre funded a multibillion-euro project, which added new lines, and joined or extended almost all of the existing metro lines. The engineers who created the plan, Mendoza, González Echarte, and Otamendi then began the process of raising the 8 million pesetas to begin the first phase of the project, the construction of Line 1 from Sol to Cuatro Caminos. At the beginning of the 1990s, control of the network was transferred to a public enterprise, Metro de Madrid S.A. More large-scale expansion projects were carried out. This was particularly true under Francisco Franco's dictatorship, due to the politic of autarky his administration initially pursued. Le meilleur de l'actualité, du sport, du divertissement et de la finance est sur MSN Québec. Un homme de 41 ans est décédé après une chute dans une cuve à broyer située à 30 mètres de profondeur, sur le chantier du métro de la ligne 16 du Grand Paris Express. Metro de Madrid are 12 linii. Works already started were finished during the 1980s and all remaining projects were abandoned. Il existe actuellement douze lignes de métro, trois lignes de tramway (Metro lig… There they stopped for one minute, before traveling to the Chamberí station which took 45 seconds. Se várias pessoas viajam juntas, não é preciso adquirir mais de um cartão, podem utilizar o mesmo. Les récentes déclarations de Kylian Mbappé sur son avenir placent le Real Madrid dans l'attente sur ce dossier, selon Marca qui fait sa Une sur l'attaquant du PSG, ce jeudi. Being the oldest rolling stock in operation in the wide profile lines, many cars were retired or sold to the Buenos Aires Underground for operation on Line B to make up for shortfalls on the line following extensions. They are currently servicing lines 2, R, 3, 4 and 5. "Madrid Light Rail: Three lines to feed the metro". l'ensemble des réseaux Metro de Madrid et Metro Ligero (tramways) 15,00 € Metrobús: 10 voyages: stations de la zone tarifaire A réseau de bus de la EMT (Empresa Municipal de Transportes) 9,30 € 10 Viajes TFM: 10 voyages: Puerta de Arganda – Arganda del Rey: 9,30 € 10 Viajes MetroSur: 10 voyages: Joaquín Vilumbrales – Puerta del Sur: 9,30 € A light rail system feeding the metro opened in 2007 called Metro Ligero ("light metro"). Additionally, by the end of 2020, the entire network will have gapless cell phone coverage.[22]. Initially the better-preserved series 300 were refitted and painted in the new blue-white color scheme (from the old red corporate image), but they were also retired with the arrival of more series 2000B and, finally, series 3000. Pour le bien de tous, gardez vos distances ! The men were able to raise 2.5 million pesetas of the 4 million they needed. Line 1 was the first to have theirs extended to 90m, while line 3 had to wait until the 2000s: prior to its recent extension to the southern district of Villaverde, it was completely closed for nearly a year and thoroughly renewed, and was the first to receive the all-new. They are also among the oldest stock in operation in the Madrid Metro. Many pending expansion projects were stalled by the economic fallout of the 2008 financial crisis. Ce métro présente des caractéristiques typiques des métros de l'ancienne Union soviétique : décoration, aspect monumental. Most stations are built with two side platforms, but a handful of them (the busiest transfers) have a central island platform in addition to the side platforms theoretically dedicated to exits. [13], After the journey, a lunch was served on the Cuatro Caminos platform, and the engineers were congratulated for creating a "miracle. The trip went all the way to the end point, Sol. Configurations: M - engine (Motor), R - passive (Remolque), S - cabless engine (motor Sin cabina). Si vous recherchez une architecture impressionnante, la Plaza Mayor, au cœur du vieux Madrid, est un bon point de départ. In the 1960s, a suburban railway was constructed between Plaza de España and Carabanchel, linked to lines 2 (at Noviciado station with a long transfer) and 3. Madrid is a very walkable city, with most of the main sights within an easy distance of each other. Also, the Consorcio Regional de Transportes (Regional Transportation Authority) has a division of its own, with geographic zones named A through C2. Dots/dashes mean crossable/complete basic unit separation, while their absence implies a walkable aisle throughout the joined units. At most of the borders between the regions, one has to switch trains even when staying in the same line, because the train frequency is higher in the core MetroMadrid than in the outer regions. The Madrid Metro (Spanish: Metro de Madrid) is a rapid transit system serving the city of Madrid, capital of Spain. Preços e abonos "[13], Two days later, on 19 October 1919, the Madrid metro was opened to the public. Le métro de Saint-Pétersbourg (en russe : Петербургский метрополитен) est le système de transport en commun de la ville Saint-Pétersbourg en Russie. The original batch currently services lines 12 and 8, while also providing rush hour support to lines 9 and 10 whilst the second batch currently services line 11. Le métro transporte quotidiennement 3,43 millions de passagers. Le métro de Moscou, Moscou et le centre de la Russie, Russie - Toutes les informations pratiques et les points d'intérêt des différentes attractions Russie In 1924, traffic in Madrid switched from driving on the left to driving on the right, but the lines of the Madrid Metro kept operating on the left hand side. CAF series 8400: Derived from the recent series 8000 trains, the 8400 series are the newest train type to enter service on the Madrid Metro on line 6 since 2010 to complement the older series 5000 serving on that line. Energie: Madrid étudiera “en profondeur” l’OPA du fonds IFM sur Naturgy. 1. The stations built between the late 70s and the early 90s are slightly more spacious, with most of them having cream-coloured walls. Lines 4 and 5 were enlarged as well. This system was originally used on the Barcelona Metro and is called the Spanish solution. [24][25][26] The ultimate destination of Line 11 is to be Avenida de la Ilustración station of Line 7, which the line would approach from the East in a semicircular shape,[27] although it is still uncertain if and when those plans will be realized. Restez connectés via Hotmail devenu Outlook. Dep. The final subseries, 5500, has a distinct, darker color scheme and returns to the usual on-demand opening of train gates with a button on each one. "Metro de Madrid, 1919–1989. They are nicknamed 'Pandas', after a car by Seat with the same name and similar boxy design. Les renouvelables, première source d’électricité au Royaume-Uni en 2020. In recent years, improving the existing network has taken priority over extending it, with major projects like the Plan de Accesibilidad (info board in Príncipe de Vergara) being put into place to enhance accessibility for those with physical disabilities. Sélectionnez une option ci-dessous pour visualiser l’itinéraire étape par étape et comparer le prix des billets et les temps de trajet sur votre calculateur d’itinéraire Rome2rio. entre 1978 et 1994, le métro est nationalisé et le groupement de transports de la capitale est mis en place. These stations are: Another system is where there is one island platform with one side platform. However, the European debt crisis greatly slowed expansion plans, with many projects being postponed and canceled. As both the number of trips in the Metro and the number of inhabitants of the Comunidad de Madrid have seen steady increases in recent years,[23] there has been a growing political consensus that further extensions are necessary, specifically to support the single central circular Line 6 in a system of mostly radial lines. When crossing zone boundaries, one has to buy a new ticket for the zone being entered. [17], On 26 December 1921 the Sol-Atocha section of the Line 1 was inaugurated, adding three new metro stops to the line: Progreso, Antón Martín, and Atocha. Mengemor published a brochure in order to persuade people to make donations. A three or four digit number indicating the unit's series and the position within it. Installations outside of tunnels are rare, as they require many more support structures compared to traditional wire based overhead lines, making them more expensive to install. Pentru a ajunge rapid dintr-o zonă în alta, metroul este cel mai eficient mijloc de transport, iar reţeaua madrilenă este foarte bine dezvoltată. Le réseau de Madrid atteint les 296 kilomètres de longueur, il est le septième réseau le plus grand au monde derrière Londres, New York, Shanghaï, Tokyo, Moscou et Séoul. plano_metro_madrid_01122018_baja.png. This has earned them the nickname of "boa", a term usually applied in Spain to double-length buses with such joints. Límite Intercambiador/Metro Bravo Murillo: Bravo Murillo Bravo Murillo, 377 Castellana: Ascensor Plaza de Castilla esq. [56] Both platforms of the station exhibit murals by Antonio Mingote. The underground is open to the public from 6.00 a.m. to 1.30 a.m. every day of the year, except for those accesses with special opening hours. [8] The Cercanías system works in conjunction with the metro, with a majority of its stations providing access to the underground network. The extension will provide access to Lines 1 and 3 as well as Atocha railway station, with a new station Madrid Río to be constructed in the vicinity of the Manzanares. 2. [50] Each one is composed of three cars or four cars joined in the "boa" layout, with the three car version servicing line 12 and the four car version servicing line 8 as-is, while line 9 & line 10 services use two such trainsets to form a MRM-MRM configuration for a maximum of 1,070 passengers (144 seated). Hospital del Henares – Estadio Metropolitano – Pitis, Paco de Lucía – Puerta de Arganda – Arganda del Rey, Hospital Infanta Sofía – Tres Olivos – Puerta del Sur, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF), "Informe corporativo 2018 - Metro de Madrid", "Metro de Madrid en cifras - Metro de Madrid", "Public transport in Madrid in Spain: in english", "La Comunidad inicia los trámites para abrir el Metro 24 horas los fines de semana", "Metro de Madrid abrirá hasta las 2.30 horas los fines de semana en 2020", "El reto inédito del Metro de Madrid debido al temporal: más de 100 horas de servicio ininterrumpido", "La red de Metro contará con 530 ascensores a finales de 2019 gracias a las obras de la Comunidad de Madrid", "El Metro tendrá cobertura 4G en toda la red en 2020", "Boletín Oficial de la Comunidad de Madrid", "La ampliación más necesaria del metro de Madrid llega tarde", "La Comunidad ampliará la línea 11 de Metro para mejorar la movilidad de más de 800.000 madrileños", "Pasado, presente y futuro del Metro madrileño", "La ampliación de la línea 5 de Metro de Madrid unirá Alameda de Osuna con el aeropuerto de Barajas en 2024", "Ignacio Aguado: "Ya hemos iniciado los trámites para que el Metro abra las 24 horas los fines de semana, "La ampliación de la línea 3 de Metro a Getafe podría empezar en la primavera de 2021", "Metro Madrid Line 8 extension announced", "Prolongación a Vicálvaro de la Línea 9 del Metro de Madrid - Tramo: Pavones – Puerta de Arganda", "CAF - Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles", Madrid Metro, Rolling stock, Railway Technology, "SBASE compra a Metro Madrid 73 coches usados CAF 6000 para la línea B", "Metro de Madrid despacha los primeros CAF 6000", "Planearían renovación masiva de flota en la línea B", "Trenes Mitsubishi convivirán con los CAF 5000 y 6000 en la línea B", "Subtes: Ciudad compra más de 70 vagones Serie 6000 a Madrid - Noticias de Buenos Aires al instante", "La serie 6000 del metro de Madrid rumbo a Argentina", "Metro de Madrid ingresa 32,6 millones de euros con la tercera venta de trenes a Buenos Aires - Metro de Madrid", La peor compra de material rodante de la historia del Subte, "Entra en vigor la rebaja del abono transporte para mayores en Madrid", "Cerca de 27.000 personas visitan los trenes clásicos y la exposición '100 años de Metro, "Muestras de vídeo y pintura en la Expometro de Retiro", "Metro desconocido: el arte como museo subterráneo", Consorcio Regional de Transportes de Madrid, Andén 1 – Association of friends of Madrid Metro, User guide, ticket types, airport supplement and timings, Catalonia (Barcelona, Camp de Tarragona and Girona),, Articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Single ticket + Supplement (*) €4.50 5.00, Combined Single ticket €6.00 + Supplement. Ópera station contains a 200-square-metre archaeological museum. The system is the 14th longest rapid transit system in the world, with a total length of 293 km (182 mi). 28 Jan 2021 12h48. [29][30], In the context of the Madrid Nuevo Norte project (previously Operación Chamartín), there are plans for the construction of a new metro line from the Chamartín railway terminal with three stations. King Alfonso XIII intervened and invested 1.45 million pesetas of his own money. According to it has an estimated 2017 population of 6,321,398 people and covers an area of 5,335.97 square kilometres (2,060.23 sq mi). Series 2000A are currently the more numerous in the network: 530 cars^ were built and delivered between 1985 and 1993,[36] having serviced every narrow profile line. Unlike normal Spanish road and rail traffic, which drive on the right, Madrid Metro trains use left-hand running on all lines because traffic in Madrid drove on the left until 1924, five years after the system started operating. Download the Madrid Metro map and hop onto one of the most modern underground transport networks in the world (PDF, 1.4MB).. Download the Tourist Metro Map to find out where the city's top sights and attractions are (PDF, 1.4MB).. Una volta ottenuta la tessera, è possibile ricaricarla con il tipo di biglietto che vorrete utilizzare. [53], Various metro stations show contemporary art. Une autre activi… The Madrid metropolitan area is a monocentric metropolitan area in the centre of the Iberian peninsula, around the city of Madrid, Spain.It is not related to any sort of administrative delimitation, and thus, its limits are ambiguous. C'est un énorme bâtiment. [39] They were the last to use the old, square "box-like" design from CAF, which was already becoming unpopular for its exaggerate priming of effectiveness versus aesthetics. The passage between Puerta de Arganda (Line 9) and Arganda del Rey (Line 9) is operated by Transportes Ferroviarios de Madrid (TFM). [54] At Expometro within the Retiro station, multiple exhibitions of modern art have been on display, such as the exhibition by Pablo Sycet, Rafael Arellano, Tono Carbajo, Christian Domec and Julio Juste called The Dream of Madrid, 1986,[55] or "The Passengers" by Daniel Garbade (2000). Oferă 12 linii rapide care acoperă cam tot Madridul, inclusiv legătura cu aeroportul Barajas. In 1944, a fourth line was constructed, absorbing the branch of Line 2 between Goya and Diego de León in 1958, a branch that had been intended to be part of Line 4 since its construction but was operated as a branch of Line 2 until construction works had finished. Its growth between 1995 and 2007 put it among the fastest growing networks in the world at the time, rivaling many Asian metros such as the Shanghai Metro, Guangzhou Metro, Beijing Subway, and Delhi Metro. Le Palacio Real doit être vu pour être cru. After all those projects, 100 km (62 mi) of rail track had been completed and the suburban railway had also disappeared since it had been extended to Alonso Martínez and subsequently converted to the new Line 10. It connects Getafe, Móstoles, Alcorcón, Fuenlabrada, and Leganés, five towns located in the area south of Madrid. The tram features a bell-like proximity warning that is activated when the train approaches a station or a level crossing with pedestrians, which has given rise to complaints from people living near the tracks because of the noise generated. It brought stations to many districts that had never previously had Metro service (Villaverde, Manoteras, Carabanchel Alto, La Elipa, Pinar de Chamartín) and to the eastern and northern outskirts as well (Coslada, San Fernando de Henares, Alcobendas, San Sebastián de los Reyes). Like the narrower series 3000 trainsets, its bogies are insonorized and feature a hybrid rubber-pneumatic suspension system. New lines were planned with larger 115 m long platforms. This system of rigid overhead power supply is also used in other metro systems. Work began on 27 March 1921 to expand the Line 1 from Atocha to Vallecas, and to begin construction on a line from Sol-Goya. On its first day, 390 trains ran, 56,220 passengers rode the metro, and the company earned 8,433 pesetas in ticket fares. La station la plus profonde est. Warning: Lines 1 and 5: Trains do not currently stop at Gran Vía station, due to engineering works. [11] The Madrid metro was inaugurated on 17 October 1919 by King Alfonso XIII. 28 Jan 2021 11h54. The system reverses the normal circuit of the electric motors when braking, thus making the deceleration return power to the network. For the first time in Madrid, three interurban light rails (Metro Ligero or ML) lines were built to the western outskirts (Pozuelo de Alarcón, Boadilla del Monte) - mL2 and mL3 - and to the new northern districts of Sanchinarro and Las Tablas - mL1. Its growth between 1995 and 2007 put it among the fastest growing networks in the world at the time, rivaling many Asian metros such as the Shanghai Metro, Guangzhou Metro, Beijing Subway, and Delhi Metro. Chamberí has been closed ever since and was recently reopened as a museum.[20]. Some underground stations are large enough to hold public events, such as the three-day fitness festival in May 2011, which attracted 2,600 visitors. de 1919 à 1951, les lignes à petit gabarit sont construites. de 1951 à 1978, le premier tronçon en surface et la première ligne à grand gabarit sont construits. ^ Trainset sizes vary between lines: 90m lines use six cars per train, while 60m lines use only four. Alors maintenant, "Metro de Madrid" a 326 Les stations de métro le long de 324 Km (201.3 miles), c'est à dire, une station par 993,9 mètres (0.61 miles). We mostly walked and only used the metro once. Se varie persone viaggiano insieme, non è necessario avere più di una tessera, poiché tutti possono utilizzare la stessa. à compter de 1994, le réseau double de taille, connaissant une expansion sans équivalent en Europe à cette époque. Pricing was confusing but it is cheap travel so you can’t go too wrong. Traditionally, the Madrid metro was restricted to the city proper, but today nearly one third of its track length runs outside the border of the Madrid municipality. The system is the 12th longest rapid transit system in the world, with a total length of 293 km. Line 11 will be extended by 6.3 kilometers from Plaza Elíptica towards Conde de Casal, both Line 6. Thus the actual number of trains varies between 88 and 132. ELPAÍ,, Présentation du plan de développement 2003-2007,étro_de_Madrid&oldid=176678183, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, Portail:Transports en commun/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, l'ensemble des réseaux Metro de Madrid et. The Madrid Metro network is split into the six "functional" zones mentioned above. Alstom Citadis 302: The vehicles serving the light rail lines are low-floor articulated trams in a five-section "boa" configuration, which allows for a maximum of about 200 passengers per tram (60 seated). CAF series 6000: This model, of which 29 trainsets were built and delivered in 1998,[40] was the first by CAF to feature a new, sleeker and rounder design. Members of international metro organizations, 1920–1921: expansion of Line 1 and construction of Line 2. It includes 41 km (25 mi) of tunnel and 28 new stations, with a new interchange station on Line 10, connecting it to the city centre and stations linking to the local train network. À cause de la géologie du sous-sol de la ville, le métro de Saint-Pétersbourg circule à très grande profondeur (80 mètres). In the early 1970s, the network was greatly expanded to cope with the influx of population and urban sprawl from Madrid's economic boom. [10], The first phase of construction was finished in 1919. As a last minute addition, a project on line 8 connected it to the new T4 terminal of Madrid-Barajas Airport. They were decorated with tilings in different colour schemes depending on the station. [57], On 17 October 2019, Google celebrated the 100th anniversary of Madrid Metro with a Google Doodle.[58]. Pétrole: l’Arabie saoudite veut vendre plus d’actions du géant Aramco. T. Security Rail a été adjudicataire de l’appel d’offres du Métro de Madrid où l’on prétend restaurer en profondeur pour revenir à son état d’origine deux unités de Patrimoine MR-6 … The metro is operated by its own company, under the Department of Public Works, City Planning, and Transportation of the autonomous community of Madrid. Both of these stations are on Line 10, with cross-platform interchanges at Príncipe Pío (with ) and Casa de Campo (with ). Le Métro de Kiev (en ukrainien : Київський метрополітен, Kyïvs'kyï metropoliten, en russe Киевский метрополитен) dessert une grande partie du territoire de la capitale de l'Ukraine. However, despite CAF still working for the Metro, in recent years the Italian AnsaldoBreda has also provided trains for the wide-profile lines. [12][13][14][15] At the time of inauguration, the metro had just one line, which ran for 3.48 kilometres (2.16 mi) between Puerta del Sol and Cuatro Caminos, with eight stops. Their constituent subunits can be completely joined through crossable articulations, making it possible to go from the head to the tail without actually exiting the train. Le métro de Madrid possède 13 lignes de métro conventionnel comptant 301 stations, ainsi que 3 lignes de métro léger, une sorte de tramway qui relie les zones périphériques de la ville.. The Company then began to gather materials necessary to expand the Line 1 from Sol-Progreso-Antón Martín-Atocha. Particularly loathed was the case of line 5, which was serviced by the nearly 40-year-old series 300 and 1000 from CAF. Você pode consultar os preços e os abonosda rede de transporte no seguinte link: 1. Il y a 6 façons d’aller de Gare de Paris-Montparnasse à Avenue Foch en métro, train, bus, taxi ou à pied. However, ML1 line has some underground stretches and stations. Series 8000 primed the introduction of regenerative braking in the Madrid Metro. [12], The king, the royal family, and others, then took part in the first official metro ride which went from Cuatro Caminos to Río Rosas, and took 40 seconds. They can reach a top speed of 100 km/h (65 mph), but in practice they are limited to 70 km/h (45 mph) in most track stretches, and even less in urban sprawls. The age of many Madrid Metro stations is evident by their design: Older stations on the narrow lines are often quite compact, similar to stations of the Paris Metro. Currently, there are more than 530 elevators in the system,[21] a number only set to grow with the advancement of the accessibility plan. Some renewals, along with the purchases of series 2000A and 5000, were started by the socialist regional government of Joaquín Leguina, but in 1995 the People's Party took over the government with the promise to widely extend and improve the Metro service. A second batch was ordered for line 11 to replace the series 3000 operating on the line since the extension of the line to La Fortuna in 2010. Most of the efforts of Madrid regional government in 2000s were channeled towards the enlargement of the Metro network. The king and queen, Don Alfonso XIII and Doña Victoria, attended the inauguration.[18]. 3. Météo, horoscope du jour, recettes. Line 7: Hospital de Henares – Pitis (Trains do not currently stop at Hospital de Henares due to engineering works. This is done so the island platform can be used for passengers to change easily between trains. In recent years, most of these stations have been refurbished with single-coloured plates matching those in the newest ones, alongside other improvements such as modernized signalling technology and elevators. There is also a "combined" ticket, which provides for a single trip between any two points of the network except the Airport stations, which have an additional supplement of €3. Des lignes à petit gabarit (lignes 1 à 5, ainsi que la ligne R). After the Civil war, the public works to extend the network went on little by little. Trains are in circulation every day from 6:00 am until 1:30 am,[4] though during the weekends, this schedule is to be extended by one more hour in the morning in 2020. The 12 stations with this setup are: Two stations have cross-platform interchange arrangement with two island platforms, which allows extremely fast transfers between lines. Lines 1, 4 and 7 were extended and a new Line 11 was constructed towards the outlying areas of Madrid. Les renouvelables, première source d’électricité au Royaume-Uni en 2020. Shortly after opening the first section of Line 5, the platforms of Line 1 were enlarged from 60 to 90 m, permanently closing Chamberí station since it was too close to Iglesia (less than 500 m). It currently services line 6. In 1921 the company declared its interest in beginning the line from Sol-Ventas, with the first phase of the project being built from Sol-Goya, along Calle Alcalá. Carlos Mendoza made contact with Enrique Ocharán, the director of Banco de Vizcaya, who offered 4 million pesetas on the condition that the public pledged an additional 4 million. The king and his family then rode the metro back to Cuatro Caminos from Sol, this time without stopping. Cette vaste place était autrefois utilisée pendant l'inquisition espagnole, et les prestigieux bâtiments ornés du 17ème siècle qui la surplombent conservent leur élégance. Line 1: Pinar de Chamartín – Valdecarros (Trains do not currently stop at Gran Vía station, due to engineering works). Metro de Madrid se une a 12 entidades sociales para dar difusión a sus campañas de recaudación de fondos para distintas causas. ^ A similar case happens as of 2008[update] with the Cercanías commuter network, as the Spanish government is focused on the expansion of the nationwide AVE high speed network. 2. Canal Isabel II Plaza de Castilla: Ascensor In 2013, 73 of the 108 cars ordered were sold to Buenos Aires for operation on Line B of the metro system; the sale totalled €32.6 million for the retirement of Japanese-built units, with a further 13 cars ordered at a later date. Each one has a "single" ticket (Billete Sencillo), valid for one trip within the zone, and a 10-trip ticket for a comparatively lower price. In contrast, the B sub-series train sets can be told apart by its sleeker, rounder forms, which has granted them the nickname of "bubble" (burbuja) for their round driver cabin window. CAF series 8000: Originally designed for the MetroSur line 12, 45 trainsets were built and delivered by CAF in 2002. In addition, 10 stations are built with just one island platform instead of the usual side platforms. MetroSur, one of the largest ever civil engineering projects in Europe, opened on 11 April 2003. Currently, Metro Ligero has four lines, although one of them is located outside of the city of Madrid in its entirety: Until the early 1990s and the transfer of the Metro system to the Autonomous Community of Madrid, the rate of investment in the network by the central government was extremely low,^ and thus very old trains were used way beyond their intended lifespans.

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